Useful Tips

Tip 1: How to use a birth control patch

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The hormonal contraceptive patch Evra is a modern safe remedy for unwanted pregnancy. High reliability, simple use have made it very popular. The patch does not protect against pathogens of reproductive system ailments. It affects the hormonal background of a woman and the ability to conceive. In the publication we will tell you how to use the product correctly, the mechanisms of contraceptive effects, contraindications.

What is a patch and how does it work?

The birth control patch is a compact size medical patch with special hormone treatment. The contraceptive drug and the birth control pill have the same effect. Once in the blood of a woman, the hormone disrupts the natural mechanism of reproductive functions. Ethinyl estradiol temporarily eliminates the established mechanism of the pituitary-ovary-corpus luteum complex. Therefore, the mechanism of maturation and release of the egg is disrupted, the uterus and mucus of the reproductive organs creates an unfavorable environment for spermatozoa. The dose of the drug is 600 mcg.

The contraceptive is attached locally, but the effect is complex. For convenient use, the drug contraceptive is made in a small size, flesh-colored. Safety of fastening is guaranteed by an adhesive zone and a protective film. Due to the hypoallergenic composition of the adhesive and substance, the skin under the coating does not blush for the entire period of use.

Benefits of the Birth Control Patch

The advantages of contraceptive women consider: ease of use, reliability and the absence of complications. The patch gives a degree of protection at the level of hormonal tablets, but does not require daily intake on schedule. Once a week, it is re-glued to a new one - that’s all. The period of use of 1 patch is 7 days. Such contraception has few contraindications and complications in comparison with other means.

An inconspicuous flesh-colored product easily hides under clothes and underwear. High strength, reliability of fastening eliminates the constant control of the product.

Are there any contraindications?

An anamnesis of a woman notes the possibility of using a contraceptive. Contraindication to the use of the patch - problems in the cardiovascular system and increased blood clotting. In case of pathological disorders of blood supply in any part of the body, hormonal contraception is inappropriate.

Reception of a patch is impossible at oncological diseases of any system, a breast (a tumor of the different size and localization). Hormonal contraceptives are not used for metabolic disorders (diabetes, bazedova disease). Attaching a contraceptive is not possible with breastfeeding, the recovery period after the birth of the baby (1-1.5 months), menopause.

Side effects

Like any medical device, a hormonal patch can in rare cases cause complications. From the side of the nervous system, sleep disturbances, drowsiness, decreased performance are observed. The cardiovascular system reacts sharply to fluctuations in sex hormones. The method of contraception sometimes causes hypertension, thrombosis, pathological circulatory disorders and fragility of blood vessels. A contraceptive can increase blood density and clotting.

Pain, discharge, and bleeding not during menstruation. Likely termination or disruption of the cycle. Sometimes milk begins to stand out (false lactation). The chest is enlarged and painful. The patch may cause allergies. The reaction in the form of urticaria is the most common.

Change affects the digestive system. The liver is enlarged and painful, the abdomen is distended. Disruption of the hormonal background contributes to the development of dyspepsia and dysbiosis.

Mode of application

An instruction or gynecologist will tell you how to use the contraceptive in different periods. When using the EVRA patch for the first time, a woman attaches it to an area (buttock, abdomen, shoulder, shoulder blade) on the first day of the cycle. Such use does not require additional contraceptives.

If a woman previously used another hormonal contraceptive, then Evra is glued no earlier than 1 day after the onset of menstruation after stopping the use of contraceptives. If the cycle is with violations, then it is worth visiting a gynecologist first to make sure that there is no pregnancy.

After the birth of the baby, they use the product no earlier than after 28 days. During this period, the reproductive system and hormonal background are restored. Use only non-breastfeeding women. If you attach Evra later than 28 days, then you should make sure that there is no pregnancy. After gluing, an additional 14 days to use non-hormonal contraceptives.

After an abortion or miscarriage for up to 20 weeks, a woman can immediately apply Evra. If the pregnancy has stopped late, then the contraceptive is glued on the 21st day of the cycle or on the 1st day of menstruation.

When to start applying Evra patch?

There are two ways to attach a contraceptive:

  • The tool is glued on the first day of menstruation. With this method, there is no need to combine and take contraceptives in the first 7 days of using evra,
  • Stick a contraceptive to the skin on any day of the menstrual cycle after the onset of menstruation. In this case, it is necessary to use additional non-hormonal drugs so that an unwanted pregnancy does not occur.

How to glue?

It is necessary to stick a contraceptive according to the instructions or recommendations of the gynecologist. For proper use, there are rules:

  1. Stick to a specific area. This is the lower abdomen, buttocks, shoulder blade, skin of the outer part of the shoulder,
  2. To clear a skin cover of pollution and sweat, to wipe dry. Do not use creams, powders or other products. This adversely affects the bonding quality,
  3. Do not apply to damaged skin or allergic rashes,
  4. Do not glue the Evra birth control patch on the same site. For example, on the left buttock. Change the sticking area periodically.

When should the patch be replaced?

The pregnancy patch is glued once a week. It is desirable that this be the same day, for example, Tuesday. The schedule in the instructions will help to remember the attachment scheme:

  • menstruation (1 day 1 week) we attach Evra,
  • 1 day 2 weeks - change the contraceptive to a new one,
  • 1 day 3 weeks (ovulation) - change of old to new,
  • 1 day 4 weeks - removes the remedy. A break is a week.

This system helps to regularly change the contraceptive, to prevent the onset of pregnancy. For convenience, you can enter replacement dates on your mobile phone and set reminders.

Reviews about the patch Evra

Anna, 30 years old: “For a long time I was looking for a reliable contraceptive. The gynecologist at the reception advised to try the hormonal contraceptive drug Evra. Now I am absolutely not worried about an unwanted pregnancy, and some female problems have returned to normal. Now I recommend it to all my friends. ”

Maria, 35 years old: “I have been using the hormone patch Evra for 3 months. I did not find any side effects. The tool copes with its task 100%, and I finally got rid of the constant schedule for taking oral contraceptives by the hour. Now I just mark on the phone when I attached it and when to change the patch. ”

Olga, 28 years old: “For a long time I was afraid to use hormonal contraceptives. A friend advised me to try the contraceptive drug Evra. Instructions for use in an accessible form told what and how to do, informed about possible side effects. I've been using it for 4 months now. "I did not observe any side effects during this period, and the quality of protection is constantly pleasing."

What is a birth control patch and why is it needed?

A birth control patch is a contraceptive designed to protect a woman from an unwanted pregnancy. It looks like a small piece of plastic that sticks to the skin. Due to flesh color, it remains almost invisible on the body. The composition of this simple and convenient contraceptive is represented by sex hormones - estrogen and progestin. Being analogues of human natural hormones, as they penetrate the skin of a woman, they block the process of ovulation and create obstacles to the exit of a mature egg from the ovary. From this we can conclude that the hormonal contraceptive patch is similar in effect to oral contraceptives. As for its effectiveness, it is high and amounts to 99.4%.

Rules for using the contraceptive patch

If you stick a patch on the body on the first day of menstruation, then other contraceptives will no longer be needed - hormones will begin to act immediately. If you started using the patch on the next day of the cycle, in the first 7 days you should take care of additional protection against pregnancy.

After gluing a contraceptive patch, you should walk with it for exactly a week, after which it should be replaced with a new one at about the same time that the first one was glued. This should be done for 3 weeks in a row, and then take a 7-day break. At this time, menstrual bleeding should begin, but this does not always happen. If the patch was used correctly, then fertilization will not occur. To exclude a possible pregnancy, you can use a special test or visit a gynecologist.

So, so that the patch performs the functions assigned to it and does not raise doubts about its effectiveness, you should adhere to some rules for its use. So, it is not recommended to stick it to the chest or to a damaged or irritated area of ​​the skin. Also, you should not wear it in the place where underwear or any clothes fit snugly.

If the patch is already glued to a specific place, you should not move it, otherwise the effectiveness of its contraceptive properties will be reduced. But a week later, when the time comes for his shift, a new patch can be glued to another place if the previous one for some reason has ceased to suit.

The content of the article

What is a birth control patch and why is it needed?

A birth control patch is a contraceptive designed to protect a woman from an unwanted pregnancy. It looks like a small piece of plastic that sticks to the skin. Due to flesh color, it remains almost invisible on the body. The composition of this simple and convenient contraceptive is represented by sex hormones - estrogen and progestin. Being analogues of human natural hormones, as they penetrate the skin of a woman, they block the process of ovulation and create obstacles to the exit of a mature egg from the ovary. From this we can conclude that the hormonal contraceptive patch is similar in effect to oral contraceptives. As for its effectiveness, it is high and amounts to 99.4%.

Rules for using the contraceptive patch

If you stick a patch on the body on the first day of menstruation, then other contraceptives will no longer be needed - hormones will begin to act immediately. If you started using the patch on the next day of the cycle, in the first 7 days you should take care of additional protection against pregnancy.

After gluing a contraceptive patch, you should walk with it for exactly a week, after which it should be replaced with a new one at about the same time that the first one was glued. This should be done for 3 weeks in a row, and then take a 7-day break. At this time, menstrual bleeding should begin, but this does not always happen. If the patch was used correctly, then fertilization will not occur. To exclude a possible pregnancy, you can use a special test or visit a gynecologist.

So, so that the patch performs the functions assigned to it and does not raise doubts about its effectiveness, you should adhere to some rules for its use. So, it is not recommended to stick it to the chest or to a damaged or irritated area of ​​the skin. Also, you should not wear it in the place where underwear or any clothes fit snugly.

If the patch is already glued to a specific place, you should not move it, otherwise the effectiveness of its contraceptive properties will be reduced. But a week later, when the time comes for his shift, a new patch can be glued to another place if the previous one for some reason has ceased to suit.

What to do in a situation when the birth control patch has come off?

Tip 2: How to use the Evra patch

The content of the article

Plaster Evra is considered one of the reliable means that (99.4%) protect against the occurrence of an unwanted pregnancy.

Patch action

The principle of the patch is that its active substances, entering through the pores of the skin into the bloodstream, cause ovulation blocking of the egg, therefore, the possibility of fertilizing it is excluded. The patch also affects the condition of the cervical mucosa. The mucous membrane is dried, which complicates the penetration of sperm.

Just stick

The application of the patch is amazingly simple: a woman only needs to stick it on one of the four recommended areas: shoulder blade, forearm, stomach or back. The patch is attached to clean, dry skin. The action of Hebrew lasts seven days. If the patch is replaced later for up to two days, then these days you can guaranteed to do without the use of other contraceptives.

If a woman decided to use the contraceptive patch Evra, the best time to start use is the first day of the month cycle. If any other day is chosen to start using the patch, then there is a need to use other non-hormonal contraceptives, for example, condoms.

If the patch is partially peeled off, the peeling portion must be pressed by hand for several seconds. This will ensure that the patch adheres firmly to the skin.

The use of the patch does not affect the daily life of a woman. He holds on securely, without interfering with taking a shower, swimming, sunbathing, participating in sports. When applying the patch Evra, the monthly cycle is not broken, which passes painlessly.

Contraindications

The composition of the active substances of Evra includes hormones such as gestagen and estrogen, which are used in most contraceptives. Therefore, the side effects that can occur when using the patch are the same as when using other hormonal contraceptives. These side effects usually disappear a couple of months after the contraceptive is withdrawn.

Women who have suffered a disease of the cardiovascular system or who have malignant neoplasms are not recommended to use the Evra patch. The same category of women who cannot use the patch includes women over 35, as well as smokers (who smoke more than fifteen cigarettes a day).

Features of the application of the patch:

- do not use the patch for skin diseases, especially purulent,
- apply only to clean and dry skin,
- it is not recommended to use a patch for diseases of the liver, blood vessels, reproductive system,
- pregnancy is a contraindication to the use of a patch,
- Any use of a birth control patch should be started with a visit to a gynecologist.

Birth control patches are a powerful ally in the fight against unwanted pregnancy, because their use does not require strict control. Of no small importance is the fact that, thanks to the transdermal method of drug administration, there is no effect on the organs of the gastrointestinal tract.

- the use of the patch cannot protect against sexually transmitted diseases,
- with regular adhesion of the patch to the same place, allergic reactions may occur,
- when the adhesive is completely peeled off after daily use, its effectiveness is significantly reduced. It is recommended to begin its use with the beginning of the next menstruation.

Terms of use

Hormonal contraceptive is easy to use. It is enough to stick it correctly and replace it with a new one in a timely manner. The patch has a transdermal effect, so for its full manifestation, certain places are chosen on the skin:

  • the skin should be clean (without creams, oils and other cosmetics),
  • absence of any damage
  • the skin should be absolutely even (even when moving in this place wrinkles should not form),
  • there should be no hair at the place of sticking so that the hormonal layer is in maximum contact with the skin,
  • choose a site so that the contraceptive minimally experiences friction when in contact with clothing.

There are four options for skin areas on the body that meet all of these requirements:

It is strictly forbidden to stick a contraceptive on the chest!

Действие противозачаточного пластыря проявляется уже с первого дня цикла, поэтому первое наклеивание лучше сделать в первый день менструации. Обязательно нужно запомнить дату и день недели, а лучше отметить в календаре или записать. On the day of the week it is easy to navigate when you need to change the protective agent.

The choice of the first day of the cycle is optimal from the point of view of the physiology of the female reproductive system, in particular its natural hormonal background.

The concentration of hormones that one product contains allows it to be used for exactly seven days. The Evra pack contains three plasters; it is enough to protect a woman throughout the cycle. Mode of application:

  • 1st day of the cycle - gluing the first patch,
  • 8th day of the cycle - removing the first patch and gluing the second,
  • 15th day of the cycle - removing the second patch and gluing the third,
  • 22nd day of the cycle - removal of the third patch and the beginning of menstruation.

At the time of menstruation, it does not need to be glued. This week, a woman’s body should take a break from hormonal contraceptives. Start using the next package (if necessary) again after seven days, even if the menstrual flow has not stopped.

In order not to get confused, it is enough to remember the day of the week when the contraceptive is glued for the first time. And if this day is recorded or marked on the calendar even better. In any case, the 1st, 8th, 15th, 22nd, 29th (aka 1st) days of the cycle will fall on the same day of the week. For example, only Wednesdays or only Fridays.

If the application algorithm is violated

  1. When gluing a protective hormonal agent not on the first day of the cycle, it is necessary to apply additional methods of contraception of a non-hormonal nature within a week.
  2. If after the first week the patch is not replaced with a new one and more than one day is missed, you need to stick a new one. From now on, start a new countdown. During the week, it is imperative to additionally use non-hormonal methods of protection from unwanted pregnancy.
  3. The patch is not glued on time in the second or third week, you need to stick a new one and be sure to change it on the established day of the week. Additional protection methods are not necessary, but on condition that only 2 days are missed. If more, a new one is glued. From this day, a new countdown begins and additional contraceptive methods are used within a week.
  4. When glued correctly, the product holds well. If it has partially peeled off, it is good enough to press it to the skin and hold for about 15 seconds.
  5. If it does not fit snugly, it is worth replacing it with a new one.
  6. With full peeling off, it is necessary to replace immediately, while on the day of the planned replacement, a new one is glued again.
  7. If the contraceptive has come unstuck, and the time when this has happened is not fixed, a new one is glued on and additional non-hormonal methods of contraception are additionally applied within a week.

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