Everyone knows that pure water, which has no taste, smell, or color, is good for the body. But few people know that conditions such as depression, insomnia, headache or heart palpitations can occur due to the fact that a person consumes too little water. As a result, dehydration (dehydration) occurs, which can have the most serious consequences. Entering the blood, water delivers nutrients to the cells of the body, removes toxins and toxins, thereby ensuring the ongoing metabolic and chemical processes.
What kind of water should I drink
It may seem that with an abundance of various juices, carbonated, energy and other drinks on the shelves there is no reason for dehydration. In addition, a person can always drink coffee or tea to quench his thirst. But not every liquid has a beneficial effect on the body. In order for it to function fully, micro and macro elements must be contained in the water, ensuring a normal acid-base balance.
The food additives, flavorings and stabilizers present in the drinks do not saturate the cells with life-giving moisture, but only further enhance dehydration. Tap water contains salts of heavy metals, chlorine, mechanical impurities, as well as various microorganisms that have a harmful effect on the body. Only purified drinking water obtained using filters and water purifiers, which can be bought in the online store coolmart.ru, will help to cope with dehydration.
Causes of dehydration
Depending on environmental conditions and physical activity, a person can live without water for three to ten days. Dehydration occurs when the body loses more fluid than it receives. With a loss of 10% of the moisture contained in the cells, it will fall into a coma and die if the fluid deficiency is 20% or more. The causes of dehydration can be various:
- non-compliance with the drinking regime, as a result of which the right amount of fluid does not enter the body (from 1.5 to 2 liters per day),
- increased sweating caused by intense training, heavy physical activity, or hot weather,
- food poisoning, in which vomiting and diarrhea are observed,
- heat or sunstroke,
- frequent urination
- acute blood loss and body burns.
In older people, dehydration can occur as a result of taking medications prescribed for the treatment of chronic diseases.
Signs of dehydration
The first sign of dehydration is a discoloration of the urine. With sufficient use of water during the day, urine has a light yellow color, it does not have an unpleasant odor. With a lack of fluid in the body, it becomes dark, an unpleasant odor appears, indicating a violation of the kidneys and brain. Dehydration can be judged by a number of other symptoms:
- dry mouth due to insufficient production of saliva and a strong feeling of thirst,
- palpitations and pains in the heart become more frequent, loss of consciousness and fainting are possible,
- the face turns red due to increased cerebral circulation, while some brain functions are impaired,
- headache and irritability appear
- there is a depressed state and depression,
- pains in muscles, joints and back are aggravated,
- the gastrointestinal tract is disturbed, pain in the stomach, heartburn, bad breath appear
- worried about insomnia.
In addition, a person may appear tired and lethargic for no apparent reason. This is due to the fact that the body lacks the required amount of fluid to break down food and turn it into vital energy. If you do not take timely measures, irreversible changes in the tissues may occur, which will lead to serious diseases:
- metabolic disorders, diabetes mellitus, overweight, obesity and other malfunctions of the endocrine system,
- asthma and allergic diseases,
- neurological pathologies,
- arthritis, arthrosis, rheumatism and other diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissues,
- oncological tumors.
Many symptoms disappear or the course of the disease is much easier when the dehydration of the body is compensated by the use of sufficient water and a number of other adequate measures.
Causes and Symptoms of Dehydration
Dehydration is a process in which the body loses more fluid than it receives. Each cell of the human body needs oxygen and water for normal functioning. No one is safe from dehydration, but children, the elderly and patients with chronic diseases are at risk.
The most common causes of dehydration:
- great physical activity in the heat,
- excessive sweating
- frequent urination.
Symptoms of this ailment vary depending on the severity of its manifestation. Signs of mild or moderate dehydration:
- dry mouth
- rare urination
- dry skin
- muscle spasms,
- general weakness.
Symptoms of severe or chronic dehydration:
- intense thirst
- sunken eyes,
- dry skin with loss of elasticity,
- almost no urination,
- severe dry mouth
- rapid breathing
- low blood pressure
- fainting or loss of consciousness.
If you do not start treatment on time, then dehydration can lead to a number of serious health complications. In severe forms of dehydration, you should immediately consult a doctor, with moderate dehydration, you can take preventive measures at home. Below we publish useful tips and home recipes for treating this ailment.
Drinking water regularly is the best preventative measure.
The first and most important rule as a measure to prevent dehydration in hot weather is to increase the amount of fluid consumed. The advice of doctors for treating dehydration at its first symptoms also begins with recommendations for increasing the water content in the body.
A person needs to drink enough water throughout the day, even if he does not feel thirsty. On average, a healthy man in a temperate climate should consume about three per day, and a woman - about two liters of water per day.
In addition to regular water, it is useful to include more broths and soups in the volume of fluid consumed, in addition to ordinary water. With their help, you can replenish lost minerals and vitamins. They are effective in the treatment of dehydration. To make the broth or soup even more useful, add zucchini, radish or celery to it. The most nutritious are chicken and meat broths. In the heat, treat yourself to fruit ice, which is easy to make on your own. To do this, just pour freshly squeezed juice into the ice tray and put to cool in the freezer.
Dairy Dehydration Food
In the forefront among dairy foods that are useful in the fight against dehydration, yogurt is one of the most effective anti-vomiting and diarrhea remedies. This product is a real "spring" of electrolytes. In addition, yogurt is easily digested and soothes the stomach. Homemade dehydration recipes often include yogurt dishes. On hot days, it is useful to use it several times a day and preferably without sweeteners. It is better to add non-nutritious foods such as low-fat cottage cheese or regular boiled rice with a small amount of salt to yogurt.
Buttermilk, or nonfat cream obtained from the production of butter, is another wonderful dehydration treatment recognized by the ancient teachings of Ayurveda. Buttermilk is rich in minerals that are lost in the body through excessive sweating. As a preventative measure for dehydration, drink this dairy product several times a day or drink a cup of kefir mixed with dry ginger instead.
Simple homemade dehydration recipes
When the body is dehydrated, it is very important to quickly restore the lost fluid and minerals. There is one simple way to achieve this with a rehydration solution. You can cook it yourself according to your home recipe:
- Add half a teaspoon of salt and six teaspoons of sugar to four cups of water.
- Stir the solution thoroughly until sugar and salt are completely dissolved.
- Drink the resulting solution several times a day until you fully recover from dehydration.
- If you do not want to prepare the solution yourself, then you can purchase a similar tool in a pharmacy.
Equally useful homemade recipes using barley and water. Such solutions help to quickly return the dehydrated body to its normal state. The nutrients contained in barley replenish the minerals lost during dehydration. Here is one simple recipe:
- Bring the water with barley to a boil.
- Allow the resulting solution to cool, and then strain it.
- Add some honey and lemon juice.
Another easy way to restore a dehydrated body is with lemon water. In addition to hydration, lemon juice fills the body with energy and gives a boost of vigor. Preparing lemon water at home is simple:
- For one glass of water you need to take half a lemon.
- Add a teaspoon of honey, half a teaspoon of ground black pepper and a pinch of salt.
- Drink the resulting drink must be regularly for one month.
The role of fruits in the fight against dehydration
Many fruits contain a considerable amount of liquid, and, therefore, they can become good defenders of the body from dehydration. At the first symptoms of dehydration, try to consume more juicy vegetables and fruits. According to the results of many studies, such foods moisturize the body twice as effective as a glass of ordinary water.
Watery fruits and vegetables contain minerals, sugar, salts, and work by analogy with the isotonic drinks consumed by athletes. Fruits and vegetables that should be included in the diet of each person - watermelon, grapefruit, melon, strawberries, oranges, cucumbers, grapes, papaya, zucchini, spinach and tomatoes. Eat them as snacks, make fruit or vegetable smoothies from them, and add them to salads.
Special attention should be paid to bananas. This is an excellent fruit, applicable in the treatment of dehydration, because along with the loss of fluid, the body loses a lot of potassium. And in bananas, this trace element a lot. In addition, this fruit will help restore the performance of cramped muscles, which function poorly with a lack of water in the body. It is useful to eat two bananas during the day or make smoothies and smoothies from them.
Doctor's advice for protection against dehydration:
- Avoid strenuous exercise in the heat.
- Relax in a cool place.
- Carry a bottle of water with you.
- In the heat, do not drink soda, sugary drinks and coffee.
- Do not drink alcohol.
- Do not eat a lot of sweets and sugar.
- If you are often in the heat, wear breathable clothing made from organic materials.
- When dehydrated, eat juicy fruits and liquid foods.
- If dehydration occurs during exercise, drink sports drinks that contain electrolytes.
Adhering to all these rules, you will always feel healthy, cheerful and full of strength!