Very often recently one has heard such or similar words: “I am a beginner Wiccan. What do you recommend? Where to begin?". Usually my advice is limited to a list of some recommended books, but now I understand that you need to start with something else ...
1. FIND OUT WHAT WICKA IS
You may find this point obvious, but by no means miss it!
This is the most important thing a beginner Wiccan should do, but most of them are not even aware of. Understand that if you read one article about Wicca on Wikipedia or on another site, you have not yet learned what Wicca is. I can assume (but I do not claim this as absolute truth) that it is worthwhile to call yourself “beginner” even after reading Cunningham (Scott Cunningham's Guide to Independent Magical Practice — in other editions of The Witchcraft Tutorial or Wicca for Beginners ”), But here it should be remembered that Cunningham is not the whole of Wicca, and for a full understanding of this religion it is not enough.
Useful books to read (I want to note that this list covers only books in Russian, although ideally it should be slightly different):
* Scott Cunningham's Guide to Independent Magical Practice (in other editions of The Witchcraft Tutorial or Wicca for Beginners)
* Timothy Roderick Wicca. One year and one day. "
* Raven Grimassie Wicca. The ancient roots of witchcraft teachings "
* Marion Weinstein "Positive Magic"
* Gus di Zeriga "Christians and Gentiles"
In general, if you have such an opportunity, read the materials in English.
A few more things you should know about Wicca before you learn it:
- Wicca is a religion
- Wicca is not the same as magic
- there is no "Wiccan magic" outside the Wiccan worldview
- there can be no Christian Wicca (read more about this in the articles dedicated to this topic)
2. LEARN HER STORY
As mentioned above, Cunningham is not all Wicca. There are different points of view on its history, but one way or another, Wicca appeared in its modern sense thanks to Gerald Gardner.
I believe that it is important for us to know our history and understand this continuity. Even a simple knowledge of this story is a minimal tribute to those "who came before us."
Gerald Gardner, Alex Sanders, Raymond Buckland - these names are approximate landmarks with which to start.
3. BE HONEST WITH YOURSELF AND THE ENVIRONMENT
So, you learned what Wicca is, but it is possible that you did not like something about it. Or over time, you rethought some aspects of Wicca.
And although Wicca is spoken of as a free religion, it is free only within the framework that determines its essence. If you don’t like something in Wicca, you don’t need to distort it and call it some kind of “new tradition”. Follow your own path, but do not use the names of other religions for it. There are many other ways and traditions besides Wicca - choose them if it is not for you.
4. DO NOT READ BOOKS ON WIKK ONLY
Wicca is not a panacea. In the books on Wicca you will not find answers to all questions. The following topics can be proposed: mythology, history, psychology, philosophy. I am not saying that reading these books is mandatory, but remembering that following the Wicca path does not mean turning away from science and knowledge.
These are just the very first tips. Starting points from which you can move on.
How to become a Wiccan
List of liters and a brief infa for beginners of the path (beginners) of Wicca, witchcraft, Ancient Religion and natural magic.
Read a very informative and interesting topic by F.A.Q. (Frequently Asked Questions) by Wicca, Old Religion, and Natural Witchcraft. In our Star Witch Tradition.
The topic will be periodically replenished.
Natural witchcraft (witchcraft) - otherwise called Wicca, or Old Religion (Ancient Religion, Old Way, etc.), the oldest Tradition of natural positive witchcraft, priesthood and shamanism, coming directly from the cults of the Great Mother and the civilizations of the Great Goddess in prehistoric Neolithic times. Shamanistic in nature, this Tradition of Mysteries and Sacraments gives a person access to the essence of the Universe, through harmony with Nature and himself, the positive use of witchcraft as a spiritual Gift of the Gods and Great Mother.
Wicca is a surviving ancient Tradition and Faith (Religion) of natural witchcraft, merging with the World, knowledge of oneself and the Universe, unity with the Great Mother and spiritual evolution.
Wicca is life in harmony with the universe. This is life in union with Mother Nature. This is a dance with the Stars.
Wicca is a merger with the Divine. This is the whisper of the Great Goddess (Gods). This is the spark of the Great Mother in every Soul.
So, as they often began to ask in drugs, I am writing here.
Beginners, I highly recommend and recommend these things to you at the very beginning (see the list of books below). Especially the "Power of the Witches," then others. Be sure to read it.) Just don’t get hung up on one thing, Wicca is free, what you don’t like can be changed for yourself (except for the basics and the Creed). The only thing I want to advise is to read books about Wicca written by Wiccans (non-Wiccans writing about Wicca sound very strange).
Read our group (http://vk.com/connecting_the_world) about (http://vk.com/witch_wicca), topics, and wall (wall search).)
Blessed bi. )about(
When choosing a teacher / master, take a look a hundred times, do not get fooled by the "guru 88 level" from the "ancient secret orders" and the like. The master does not suppress your will, does not intimidate, does not call to violate the laws of your country, does not draw out money-apartments, does not turn you away from your family-friends. Do not fall for a divorce, inadequacy and sectarians. Master / mentor is a kind and wise person, first of all. :)
Do not believe all sorts of “archmages of 666 lvl” that Wicca is “a bunch of role-players” or “magic of housewives and hippies”, I am sure that such a “master” is not capable of the power of Voldemort himself, actually. :)
Read books and everything will be clearer.
Wicca is an ancient religion of pagan witchcraft. It is also called Craft or "Old Religion." This is a free pagan religion, the basis of which is worship of the creative forces of Nature in the form of the Great Mother Goddess and God, while the rituals are not canonical, but are compiled within each community or individually.
Despite the significant difference in views on tradition, most Wiccans worship God and the Goddess, which are perceived in the light of various philosophical and religious concepts, such as pantheism (in this case, as manifestations of two equal aspects of a single Deity), dualism (as two polar opposites ) or polytheism (supporting the idea of the existence of many gods). In several pantheistic and dualistic directions, deities of different cultures can be seen as aspects of the Wiccan Goddess and God. [ source not specified 836 days ]
The origin of Wicca
This young religion gained popularity in 1954, thanks to its apostle, occultist and magician Gerald Gardner. According to a legend that he told the world, he was consecrated into the secrets of ancient pagan teaching by members of the witchcraft cult that was underground preserved in Europe. This tradition, according to Gardner, is a direct descendant of pre-Christian European beliefs, based on the veneration of the forces of nature, personified in the image of the Mother Goddess and God the Father. From the point of view of history, archeology and anthropology, these statements are rather doubtful, therefore, it is officially believed that the Wicca religion was founded no earlier than the 20s of the XX century. It actually reflects some features of archaic matriarchal beliefs, but by its nature it is, rather, an attempt to carry out their partial reconstruction with subsequent synthesis based on the concepts of modern neopaganism. Thus, the theory of direct heredity is not supported by serious scientific arguments.
A correction must immediately be made regarding the question of who created the Wicca religion. Initially, this word denoted the tradition of the enemy Gardner by the name of Charles Cardell, while the Gardnerian teaching was simply called "witchcraft." However, since the 60s, the name "Wiccan" began to be attributed to the followers of Gardner, and subsequently to all other traditions similar and derived from it. Thus, it can be argued that today under the name religion "Wicca" is meant immediately several more or less similar religious and magical movements. Below we will not touch on the originality and features of each of them, since there are a lot of them, and ever new forms of Wiccan theory and practice are constantly being created. In addition, a good half of Wiccan adherents are eclecticists, according to their own statements, successfully combining not only elements of various intra-Wiccan divisions, but also combining them with other religions, thanks to which there are so-called Christian, Jewish and even Muslim Wicca in the world. Instead, we’ll talk about common religious tenets, worldviews, and intersection points in practice for proponents of various Wiccan denominations.
The fundamental basis of Wiccan spirituality is the postulation of two divine principles - male and female, which are represented in the image of God and the Goddess. Different traditions have different views on which of these hypostases takes precedence over the other. Some worship only the Goddess, while others, adhering to the above childish position, worship the Goddess somewhat higher than God. Still others respect equality, while still others prefer male incarnation. The latter, however, are an extremely rare type of Wiccan. This is probably due to the fact that there are a lot of religions of the patriarchal depot with hypertrophied veneration of the male principle, both in paganism and in monotheistic traditions. Wicca, on the other hand, offers an alternative path characterized by a special attention to femininity, which attracts and consolidates among itself admirers of matriarchal cults and specific spirituality in line with the veneration of Mother Goddess.
Therefore, Wiccans are especially sensitive to everything that concerns archaic cultures in which the divine mother was worshiped, be it the Great Mother, Mother Earth, etc. The later developed pantheons of pagan gods are considered by Wicca followers as aspects, particular manifestations of the original dual divinity. According to this theory, all pagan goddesses are hypostases of a single Goddess, and all gods are hypostases of God.
It is also characteristic that, resuscitating prehistoric and historical pagan cults, Wiccans endow their Goddess with the property of the trinity, which is most often interpreted in the context of the link “virgin, mother, old woman”. Obviously, this concept reflects the relationship of the figure of the divine mother with the moon cycles. We see a similar picture in Greco-Roman, some Eastern, Celtic beliefs.
As for God, it is correlated with the horned deity of the Europeans, the hunter-god of the Celtic and other tribes that inhabited Europe in pre-Christian times. Wiccans (at least not among the adherents of Christianity and, generally, let's say, Abrahamic Wicca) insist that it is unacceptable to identify the God of monotheists and the Wiccan God, since the neopagan religion of Wicca does not recognize any transcendent almighty deity and creator of the world. The extreme immanence of the Goddess and God is an integral part of Wiccan theology. Thus, theological mainstream in Wicca is pantheism, which postulates two divine principles, sometimes viewed in a dualistic manner.
At the same time, in Wiccan sources one can also find a reference to a higher deity standing above the God-Goddess differentiation. In practice, of course, little attention is paid to him. But theoretically, it is still recognized by the religion of Wicca. Its creator, Gerald Gardner, himself spoke about this creature, claiming that his name remains unknown, and he stands above all other gods. Others called him Dreiten ("god" from the Old English) or the One. However, the radically matriarchal movements of Wiccans (Dianic and some others) deny the existence of this higher principle, claiming that the absolute of everything is contained in the figure of the Mother Goddess.
What is true about Wicca religion with respect to all its movements is that they all profess metempsychosis, that is, the transmigration of souls. In particular, Wiccans, of course, may differ in their views, but in general, reincarnation is an integral part of their creed. According to the most common theory, the human soul after death resides in the so-called country of eternal summer, preparing for the next incarnation. Unlike Abrahamic religions, Wiccans do not seek any other heavenly kingdom or paradise. And unlike dharmic teachings, they do not try to free themselves from samsara and do not want to interrupt the chain of rebirths in order to merge with a certain Absolute. In this sense, the Wicca religion is a very life-affirming natural religion, concentrated entirely on this world and finding the ultimate meaning in it. Therefore, in practice, the adherents of this creed do not show any particular interest in the other world. Of course, many Wiccans are engaged in spiritualism, but, firstly, not all Wiccan authorities approve of this, and secondly, this is done exclusively in a magical and not soteriological context.
The religion we are talking about is not just a spiritual teaching. It involves intense magical work, because it considers witchcraft as a sacred action, a kind of service to God and the Goddess. Therefore, it will be fair to say that this is a religion of witches. Wicca, in fact, means from the Old English dialect roughly what today is meant by the word "witchcraft."
Of course, it is not necessary to do magic in order to be considered Wiccan. It is enough to simply share the fundamental doctrinal concepts of this religion and express one's own reverence for God and the Goddess in prayers and personal rituals. But, on the other hand, units go this way, since the content of this religion without magical content is very scarce: there are no general services, no sacred places, no scripture, no clergy, no sacraments. Of course, there are holidays that all Wiccans celebrate, but again this alone is not enough to lead a full spiritual life. In addition, most of the holiday rituals are seen as magical activities, and the coven (community) by default is a community of practicing witches. Therefore, the Wicca religion is almost always associated with magical practice, and its adherents sincerely consider themselves to be witches and sorcerers.
There are no universally accepted Wiccan rituals - each Wiccan or Wiccan coven creates his own rites based on personal tastes, views and preferences. The only thing that can be said is what some Wiccan ceremonies are dedicated to. Firstly, these are sabbats and esbats, which will be discussed below. Secondly, these are practices of consecration or self-consecration into tradition. The most conservative covens adhere to a three-part system of initiation. Thirdly, there are rituals of Wiccaning and handfasting. The first of these is a ceremony in which the newborn is introduced to God and the Goddess in order to provide the baby with their protection. Wiccaning is not an initiation into religion, and therefore is not analogous to baptism in Christianity. Handfasting is a Wiccan marriage ritual. This is all that can be said about this, because each Wiccan keeps secret descriptions of the rituals, trusting them only in his personal book of shadows - a collection of spells, ceremonies and the like.
The main witchcraft traditions of Wicca are rooted in the ancient rituals of the agricultural cycle. In more private matters, magic is based on the ideas of European witchcraft: four elements, manipulated by which a witch or sorcerer makes the desired changes in the physical world. This distinguishes western and northern magic from eastern, where the magician only caused the spirit he needed, which did all the necessary work. However, as already mentioned, the Wicca religion often acquires an eclectic character in the face of its followers, who are actively experimenting with various traditions, including African, Australian, Native American, Tibetan and shamanic practices. The root of all magical work in this system is the postulate of the four elements known from the writings of the classics (fire, earth, water, air) and the spirit. Elements can be controlled by willpower, causing the desired changes on both the physical and mental levels. This is magic. Викка неоднозначно относится к дифференциации магии на черную и белую, хотя раньше этого деления придерживались многие авторитеты движения. Отрицается при этом сама атрибуция черного цвета злу. А вот о том, что такое зло, виккане до сих пор не выработали более или менее вразумительной концепции. Впрочем, у них есть свои моральные ценности, речь о которых пойдет ниже.
Викка, как было сказано выше, не имеет никаких священных, богодухновенных писаний. However, there are texts more or less authoritative for her followers, among which there is a simple but capacious rule: "If your actions do no harm to anyone, then do what you want." This slogan serves as a guide in the life that every witch uses. Wicca, however, is deprived of an unambiguous teaching about who and what is included in the circle of these "to nobody." Does it include only people or animals, including insects? And the plants? Or how to cope with this installation Wiccan, drafted for war? Is this restriction removed if self-defense is necessary? And is revenge permissible? There is no single answer to these questions. But there is another quite popular text called the Testament of the Goddess. It was written by Dorin Valienti and it refers to eight qualities that a witch should strive for: joy, reverence, respect, humanity, strength, beauty, power and compassion.
The third very popular moral principle of Wiccans is the so-called law of threefold retribution, according to which all that a person does, he will return in triple size. Thus, the actions of Wiccans are not determined by the commandments of the deities, but by what is called the golden rule in Christianity: “Do not do to others what you do not want for yourself.”
Sexual moral principles
With regard to sexuality, Wiccans do not adhere to Puritan views, postulating complete freedom (associated, however, with responsibility) of a person in this matter. Among other things, some Wiccans practice sexual magic, which often involves group rituals. Wicca is controversial about the issue of homosexuality. Conservatives, following the founder Gerald Gardner, have a negative attitude towards this, arguing that such a connection causes the goddess to be angry. On the other hand, most Wiccans are quite tolerant of gay people and do not impose any sexual restrictions on Wiccans from among them. In some feminist movements of Wicca, for example, the percentage of lesbians is traditionally high.
Wiccans have adopted many ancient symbols from a wide variety of cultures. However, there are the most characteristic and, so to speak, official signs, which differ, for example, Wiccan tombstones. The first is a direct pentagram, meaning the harmony of the elements under the leadership of the spirit. The second is the moon symbol, which designates the Goddess. Wicca uses the ancient Greek standard in this capacity. Thus, for example, depicted Greek moon goddesses. It also represents the Great Mother and Wicca. A photo of this sign is given below.
Wicca is inconceivable without its traditional eight holidays. All of them have an ancient pre-Christian origin and are focused on changing the seasons in their connection with agricultural work. The calendar of these dates is called the wheel of the year in Wicca.
Of the eight holidays, four are considered great. They are identical to the ancient Celtic celebrations and mean a change of seasons. Four more are the days of the spring and autumn equinox, as well as the winter and summer solstices. All eight are called Sabbaths. Here they are: Samhain, Yule, Imbolk, Ostara, Beltayn, Lita, Lammas and Mabon.
In addition to them, there is also the concept of "esbat." The latter are the full moon and sometimes the new moon, which are also considered special holiday times.
Religion Wicca in Russia
As you know, everything comes to our country belatedly. And if in the USA the Wiccan symbol was added to the official list of emblems of religions back in 1985, then in Russia the Wicca is just beginning to develop. So, the first coven appeared only in 2011 in Udmurtia. However, this was the first official registration of the Wiccan community. Adherents of it, of course, existed before, but in very limited numbers. Today, thanks to the Internet and cultural trends, Wicca in Russia is developing quite rapidly, mainly due to youth. At the moment, there is the Wiccan Union of Russia, several other organized Moscow and St. Petersburg groups operate. The number of covens is growing rapidly, and even more - the number of single practitioners. Among other things, between them there are already splits and confrontations on various issues, which in itself speaks of the significant influence and relative abundance of Wicca representatives in Russia.
God and Goddess Edit
For most Wiccans, Wicca is a dualistic religion that perceives God and the Goddess as equal, complementary opposites (close to the Taoist idea of yin and yang), embodying the totality of possible manifestations of nature. God is sometimes symbolically identified with the Sun, the Goddess with the Moon. [ source not specified 836 days ]
God traditionally means the Celtic "Horned God" (Kernunnos), the qualities associated with it are sexuality, aggression, fury, passion for nature. According to tradition, various names are attributed to the Horned, among them: Kernunnos, Pan, Ato and Karnayna. At different times, God appeared in European culture and art in different guises and forms - as the Green Man, as the Solar God (in particular, on the feast of Lita, or the summer solstice), as the Oak King and King Holly, one of which rules in spring and summer another fall and winter. Horns symbolize [ source not specified 2099 days ] connection with nature.
The Goddess is called the Triune, linking the three forms of her manifestation - “Virgin”, “Mother” and “Old Woman” - with three moon phases. Sometimes it is revered as the original entity with respect to God, containing absolutely everything. God in these concepts is the spark and the beating of life, both lover and child. This, for example, is reflected in the special structure of the coven of Traditional Wicca. [ source not specified 836 days ] In some directions, in particular in the feminist-oriented Dianic Wicca, the Goddess is seen as a self-sufficient being and is not worshiped at all, however, most representatives of other Wiccan concepts criticize this state of affairs. [ source not specified 836 days ] The three main forms of the Goddess are sometimes supplemented by three manifestations of God - “Son”, “Father”, “Sage”. [ source not specified 836 days ]
The duotheism of God and Goddesses is often expanded to a dual form of pantheism through faith, according to Dion Fortune, that “all gods are one god and all goddesses are one goddess”, thus, all gods and goddesses of all cultures, respectively, aspects of one higher god and goddesses. For example, a Wiccan can consider the German Ostara, the Hindu Kali, and the Christian Virgin Mary the manifestation of one higher Goddess, and also the Celtic Cernunnos, the ancient Greek Dionysus and Judaic Yahweh, as aspects of a single archetype of God.
In an even more polytheistic approximation, they see various gods and goddesses as separate entities. In pantheistic systems, it is possible to understand the gods as metaphorical archetypes or thought forms. Although these conceptualizations of the divine — duotheism, polytheism, and pantheism — may seem radical in relation to each other, they need not be considered mutually exclusive, many Wiccans find it spiritually useful (or magically practical) to introduce elements from one system to another, depending on time and circumstances. . [ source not specified 836 days ]
Wiccan writers Janet Farrar and Gavin Bon noted that Wicca becomes more polytheistic as it grows older and accepts a more traditional pagan worldview.